James Knox Polk

11th US President James Knox Polk Full Name: James Knox Polk
Nationality:

United States of America
American

Profession: 11th US President
Political Party: Democratic Democratic Party
Political Titles: Governor of Tennessee, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

Presidential Term: March 4, 1845 - March 4, 1849
Preceded By: John Tyler
Succeeded By: Zachary Taylor

Why Famous: Polk served as Governor of Tennessee and served as the 11th President of the United States (1845 to 1849). He was essentially a compromise candidate between the various Congressional factions, and is considered by historians to be the last strong pre-Civil War president, in part because he achieved every domestic and foreign goal set out during his presidential campaign.

His presidency was dominated by his foreign policy successes. He threatened war with Britain over the issue of which nation owned the Oregon Country, then backed away and split the ownership of the region with Britain.

When Mexico rejected the American annexation of Texas, Polk led the nation to a sweeping victory in the Mexican-American War, which gave the United States most of its present Southwest. In addition he agreed the Oregon Treaty with Britain, settling disputes in the Pacific Northwest.

In domestic policies he reduced tariffs and re-established the Independent Treasury. Polk pledged not to stand for a second term, and died from cholera three months after his retirement in 1849.

Born: November 2, 1795
Birthplace: Pineville, North Carolina, USA
Star Sign: Scorpio

Died: June 15, 1849 (aged 53)
Cause of Death: Cholera

Married Life

  • 1824-01-01 US President James Knox Polk (28) weds Sarah Childress (20) in Murfreesboro

Historical Events in the Life of James Knox Polk

  • 1844-12-04 James Knox Polk elected 11th US President
  • 1845-03-04 James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President
  • 1845-12-02 Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West
  • 1849-02-14 In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady).

Famous US Presidents