Profession: 4th US President
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
Political Titles: United States Secretary of State
Why Famous: Previously serving as Secretary of State under Thomas Jefferson, Madison succeeded his boss as President in 1809. he is known commonly as the "Father of the Constitution" for playing a crucial role in the drafting of the US Constitution and author of the US Bill of Rights.
Madison was one of the leaders of the movement to ratify the Constitution, and his work with John Jay and Alexander Hamilton produced The Federalist Papers, which stands as one of the most significant works in support of the Constitution.
As Secretary of State he presided over the Louisiana Purchase which doubled the size of the United States. A popular president with historians, Madison's term in office saw growing prosperity for several years. The War of 1812 occurred during his presidency and was a stalemate; it helped to change his opinion on a national bank and a strong central government, which he came to support.
- 1794-09-15 4th US President James Madison (43) weds Dolley Madison (26) in Jefferson County, West Virginia
- 1789-06-08 James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the US House of Representatives
- 1808-12-07 James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President
- 1809-03-04 James Madison becomes 1st US President inaugurated in American-made clothes
- 1812-12-02 James Madison re-elected President of the US, Elbridge Gerry Vice-President
- 1815-02-17 Treaty of Ghent ratified by the US Senate and signed by President James Madison ending War of 1812, over a month after it was signed in Europe
- 1879-05-31 Madison Square Garden opens in New York, named after 4th President James Madison
- "If man is not fit to govern himself, how can he be fit to govern someone else?"