On This Day

John Adams

2nd US President John Adams

Profession: 2nd US President

United States of America

Political Party: Federalist
Political Titles: Vice President, Member of the Continental Congress, Minister to Great Britain, Minister to the Netherlands

Presidential Term: March 4, 1797 - March 4, 1801
Preceded By: George Washington
Succeeded By: Thomas Jefferson

Biography: Adams was a leading advocate of American independence from Great Britain and one of the country's Founding Fathers. During the Revolution he played a leading role in persuading Congress to declare independence. He served as the first Vice President of the United States (1789-1797) under George Washington, and then succeeded him by becoming the second President of the United States (1797–1801).

The most vocal proponent of the Declaration of Independence, Adams assisted Thomas Jefferson in drafting the seminal document. His writings, particularly his treatise Thoughts on Government (1776) helped influence the Constitution.

During his presidency, Adams built up the navy and army in the face of the Quasi-War with France, and encountered strong opposition from Alexander Hamilton and other Jeffersonian Republicans. He was succeeded as President by Thomas Jefferson in 1800, with whom he re-established a long friendship, and died on the same day as him - July 4, 1826, the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.

Born: October 30, 1735
Birthplace: Braintree, Massachusetts, USA
Star Sign: Scorpio

Died: July 4, 1826 (aged 90)

Articles and Photos

Married Life

  • 1764-10-25 Future 2nd American President John Adams (28) weds Abigail Smith (19) in Weymouth, Massachusetts (marriage lasts 54 years)

Historical Events

  • 1755-07-16 John Adams graduates Harvard
  • 1776-06-11 Continental Congress creates committee to draft a Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston as members
  • 1779-09-27 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Great Britain
  • 1782-04-19 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.
  • 1788-06-17 After a lengthy stay in Europe, future US President John Adams and his wife Abigail Adams return to Boston
  • 1789-02-04 1st US electoral college chooses George Washington as President and John Adams as Vice President
  • 1789-04-21 John Adams sworn in as 1st US Vice President (9 days before Washington)
  • 1796-11-03 John Adams elected as 2nd president of the United States of America
  • 1797-03-04 John Adams inaugurated as 2nd President of The United States, Thomas Jefferson 2nd Vice President
  • 1800-11-01 John Adams becomes the first US President to live in the White House
  • 1826-07-04 Past presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both die on the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, President John Quincy Adams calls "visible and palpable remarks of Divine Favor"

Quotes by John Adams

  • "While all other Sciences have advanced, that of Government is at a stand; little better understood; little better practised now than three or four thousand years ago."

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