On This Day

John F. Kennedy

35th US President John F. Kennedy

Profession: 35th US President

United States of America

Political Party: Democratic Democratic Party
Political Titles: Senator from Massachusetts

Presidential Term: January 20, 1961 - November 22, 1963
Preceded By: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Succeeded By: Lyndon B. Johnson

Biography: The youngest-ever person elected President at age 43, Kennedy assumed office at the height of the Cold War. As such his time in office was spent managing relations with the communist states.

In 1961 Kennedy approved the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in an attempt to overthrow the communist-aligned regime of Fidel Castro. A year later the discovery of Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba caused the Cuban Missile Crisis, which was eventually resolved peacefully.

In other affairs Kennedy sent advisers to Vietnam and launched America into the Space Race with his famous "we choose to go to the Moon" speech in 1963. While he supported the Civil Rights Movement he was not successful in getting many of his New Frontier policies passed by Congress.

On November 22, 1963, he was assassinated in Dallas, Texas by Lee Harvey Oswald, and was succeeded by Lyndon B. Johnson.

Born: May 29, 1917
Birthplace: Brookline, Massachusetts, USA

Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Snake
Star Sign: Gemini

Died: November 22, 1963 (aged 46)
Cause of Death: Assassination

Articles and Photos

Married Life

  • 1953-09-12 American Senator John F. Kennedy (36) weds Jacqueline Bouvier (24) in Newport, Rhode Island

Historical Events

  • 1943-08-02 Lt John F. Kennedy's PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands
  • 1946-11-05 John F. Kennedy (Democrat, Massachusetts) elected to US House of Representatives
  • 1954-02-14 Senator John F. Kennedy appears on "Meet the Press"
  • 1957-05-06 Pulitzer prize awarded to John F. Kennedy (Profiles in Courage)
  • 1960-01-02 Senator John F. Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency
  • 1960-02-29 JFK makes "missile gap" the presidential campaign issue
  • 1960-05-10 John F. Kennedy wins presidential primary in West Virginia
  • 1960-07-13 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate
  • 1960-09-12 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.
  • 1960-10-07 2nd JFK & Richard Nixon debate
  • 1960-10-12 JFK & Richard Nixon's third presidential debate
  • 1960-10-14 Peace Corps 1st suggested by John F. Kennedy in a speech at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor
  • 1960-10-21 JFK & Nixon clashed in 4th & final presidential debate (NYC)
  • 1960-11-08 John F. Kennedy is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Richard Nixon who was the incumbent Vice President
  • 1961-01-20 Democrat John F. Kennedy, the youngest elected President of the United States, is administered his oath of office at his inauguration by Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren. Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright".
  • 1961-01-25 1st live, nationally televised presidential news conference with JFK
  • 1961-01-26 1st woman personal physician to a US President - Janet G. Travell (to John F. Kennedy)
  • 1961-01-30 JFK asks for an Alliance for Progress & Peace Corps
  • 1961-02-28 JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor
  • 1961-03-01 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corps
  • 1961-03-13 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
  • 1961-04-10 Dutch foreign minister Luns talks to JFK about New Guinea
  • 1961-04-10 Washington Senators play first game in franchise history with President John F. Kennedy in attendance; lose a 4-3 decision to the Chicago White Sox
  • 1961-04-24 JFK accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs
  • 1961-05-25 JFK announces US goal of putting a man on the Moon before the end of decade
  • 1961-05-31 US President John F. Kennedy visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris
  • 1961-06-03 JFK & Khrushchev meet in Vienna
  • 1961-06-04 US President John F. Kennedy and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev meet at the Vienna Summit in Austria
  • 1961-07-25 In a speech John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO
  • 1961-09-05 JFK begins underground nuclear testing
  • 1961-09-05 US President JFK signs law against hijacking (death penalty)
  • 1961-10-06 JFK advises Americans to build fallout shelters
  • 1961-11-16 US President JFK decides to increase military aid to South Vietnam without committing US combat troops
  • 1961-11-18 JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam
  • 1961-12-11 JFK provides US military helicopters & crews to South Vietnam
  • 1961-12-15 JFK visits Puerto Rico
  • 1961-12-21 US President John F. Kennedy and British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan meet in Bermuda
  • 1962-01-21 JFK arrives in Uruguay
  • 1962-02-03 US President John F. Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs
  • 1962-02-07 US President JFK begins blockade of Cuba by banning all Cuban imports and exports.
  • 1962-03-02 President John F. Kennedy announces US will resume above ground nuclear testing
  • 1962-03-23 JFK visits San Francisco
  • 1962-04-09 US President JohnF. Kennedy throws out 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium
  • 1962-05-01 JFK authorizes Area Redevelopment Act (ARA)
  • 1962-06-11 US President John F. Kennedy accepts an honorary degree from Yale
  • 1962-09-29 JFK authorized use of federal troops to integrate U of Mississippi
  • 1962-09-30 JFK sends 3,000 federal troops to University of Mississippi to quell riots protesting desegregation
  • 1962-10-16 Cuban Missile Crisis begins as JFK is shown photos confirming the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba
  • 1962-10-18 JFK meets Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Gromyko
  • 1962-10-22 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba and imposes a naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis
  • 1962-10-22 JFK receives Ugandan premier Milton Obote
  • 1962-10-26 JFK warns Russia that the USA will not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba
  • 1962-10-26 Nikita Khrushchev sends note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closes its bases in Turkey: offer is rejected
  • 1962-10-28 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President JFK receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement
  • 1962-11-17 US President JFK dedicates Dulles International Airport outside Washington, D.C.
  • 1963-02-19 USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba
  • 1963-05-08 U.S. President John F. Kennedy offers Israel assistance against aggression from its neighbors
  • 1963-05-24 Barbra Streisand performs "Happy Days Are Here Again" at White House Press Correspondents Dinner, and meets US President John F. Kennedy
  • 1963-06-10 US Equal Pay Act signed into law by President John F. Kennedy
  • 1963-06-11 US President JFK says segregation is morally wrong and that it is "time to act"
  • 1963-06-23 US President John F. Kennedy tours Western Europe
  • 1963-06-25 JFK speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt
  • 1963-06-26 US President John F. Kennedy gives his famous "Ich bin ein Berliner" (intended to mean "I am a Berliner", but may actually mean "I am a doughnut") speech in West Berlin
  • 1963-06-27 US President John F. Kennedy spend his 1st full day in Ireland
  • 1963-07-01 US President JFK arrives in Rome
  • 1963-09-20 JFK proposes a joint US-Soviet voyage to the moon
  • 1963-10-07 JFK signs ratification for nuclear test ban treaty
  • 1963-10-31 J. Edgar Hoover's last meeting with President John F. Kennedy
  • 1963-11-21 US President John F. Kennedy flies to Texas (assassinated the next day)
  • 1963-11-22 Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in as the 36th US President after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy
  • 1963-11-22 US President John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in an open-topped motorcade in Dallas, Texas
  • 1963-11-23 JFK's body lies in repose in the East Room of the White House
  • 1963-11-23 LBJ proclaims Nov 25 a day of national mourning (for JFK)
  • 1963-11-25 JFK laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery
  • 1963-11-29 LBJ sets up Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of JFK
  • 1963-12-22 Official 30-day mourning period for President John F. Kennedy ends
  • 1964-01-14 Jacqueline Kennedy's 1st public appearance (TV) since US President JFK's assassination
  • 1964-03-25 Britain sets memorial for the late President John F. Kennedy
  • 1964-09-27 Findings of the Warren Commission into the assassination of President John F. Kennedy released, finds Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
  • 1967-03-14 JFK's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial
  • 1977-06-12 Groundbreaking ceremony for John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum
  • 1979-10-20 John F. Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston

Quotes by John F. Kennedy

  • "Too often we enjoy the comfort of opinion without the discomfort of thought."

Biographies and Sources

Famous US Presidents