Full Name: John Winston Howard
Profession: 25th Australian Prime Minister
Why Famous: John Howard is the second-longest serving Australian politician, in power 1996-2007 and leader of the Liberal Party. Howard was Prime Minister for four terms, his first administration was a coalition government with the National party in 1996. Howard's government oversaw the introduction of a goods and services tax, and a constitutional referendum on whether the country should become a republic in 1999.
Howard's government sent Australian forces to a number of international conflicts; as a peace-keeping force to East Timor and to the Iraqi war in 2003. In 2007 he lost the federal elections to the Labor Party and his parliamentary seat and was succeeded by Kevin Rudd.
- 1996-10-01 Following the Port Arthur Massacre, John Howard's Australian government starts a gun buy back scheme. Compulsorily acquires more than 640,000 firearms, including many newly illegal semi-automatic rifles and shotguns.
- 1997-09-30 John Howard's Australian government gun buy back scheme ends with more than 640,000 firearms compulsorily acquired, including many newly illegal semi-automatic rifles and shotguns
- 2007-11-24 Australians elect the Kevin Rudd-led centre-left Australian Labor Party at the federal election, ending the eleven-year tenure of the John Howard-led centre-right Liberal/National coalition government.