Profession: 6th US President
Political Party: Federalist, Democratic-Republican
Political Titles: Secretary of state, Minister to Prussia, Minister to Russia, Minister to the Netherlands, Minister to Great Britain, Senator from Massachusetts
Why Famous: The son of former President John Adams and Abigail Adams, he served as the 6th President of the United States (1825 to 1829). Prior to this he held several overseas postings on behalf of the United States.
Adams was elected in a controversial four-way election in 1824 in which he lost the popular vote but won the electoral college count. As secretary of state, he played an important role in negotiating key treaties, most notably the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812.
His ambitions to modernize the US economy were stymied by an uncooperative Congress and a lack of patronage networks. Despite this he has been portrayed as the exemplar and moral leader in an era of modernization. He lost his 1828 bid for re-election to rival Andrew Jackson, who had accused him of winning his term in 1824 on the basis of a "corrupt bargain."
Adams is the only ex-President to go on to serve in the House of Representatives after his term. He served 17 years for Massachusetts until he died in office in 1848. During this period he was a strong opponent to slavery.
- 1797-07-26 US President John Quincy Adams (29) weds Louisa Johnson (22) at All Hallows Barking parish in London
- 1817-09-22 John Quincy Adams becomes US Secretary of State
- 1824-11-02 Popular presidential vote 1st recorded; Andrew Jackson beats John Quincy Adams
- 1824-12-01 US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins)
- 1825-02-09 House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US president
- 1825-03-04 John Quincy Adams inaugurated as 6th President of the USA
- 1828-05-19 U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828/Tariff of Abominations into law to protect industry in the North