On This Day

Jose Rizal

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal

Profession: Filipino Nationalist and Novelist


Biography: Rizal, is remembered as great hero and the voice of the Filipino people during colonization by the Spaniards in the late 19th century. He fought for peaceful reforms through his writings while exposing the ills that beset the country.

A prolific writer, he wrote his novels "Noli Me Tangere" and "El Filibusterismo" to expose the ills of Philippine society; government corruption, abuse; and on a larger scale, the effects of colonization on people's lives.

Rizal was arrested and convicted on charges of rebellion, sedition, and conspiracy that lead his execution in 1896. Now revered as a national hero Rizal's novels are standard texts in Filipino schools.

Born: June 19, 1861
Birthplace: Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines
Star Sign: Gemini

Died: December 30, 1896 (aged 35)
Cause of Death: Execution by firing squad

Married Life

  • 1896-12-30 Filipino Nationalist Jose Rizal (35) weds girlfriend Josephine Bracken (20) before his execution in Fort Santiago, Manila

Historical Events

  • 1892-07-06 Jose Rizal forms La Liga Filipina in Manila
  • 1896-10-06 Filipino nationalist Jose Rizal is arrested en route to Cuba via Spain and imprisoned in Barcelona
  • 1896-12-30 Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish

Famous Novelists