Profession: Naval commander and Nazi leader
Why Famous: Dönitz served as the German naval commander during World War II, during which time he formulated the wolfpack U-boat tactic during the Battle of the Atlantic. He achieved the rank of Grand Admiral, replacing Erich Raeder as Commander-in-Chief of the German Navy.
Adolf Hitler named Dönitz as his successor in his last will and testament. When he committed suicide on 30 April 1945, Dönitz succeeded him as President of Germany, but lasted in this position for less than a month. Germany surrendered to the Allies on 8 May 1945, and Dönitz' government was abolished by the occupying powers on 23 May.
- 1916-05-27 Naval commander Karl Donitz (24) weds nurse Ingeborg Weber
- 1943-05-24 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean
- 1945-01-23 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
- 1945-05-05 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases
- 1945-05-23 The Allies arrest the members of the Nazi Flensburg government, including Admiral Karl Donitz, formally dissolving Nazi Germany