Charles I

King of England Charles I

Full Name: Charles Stuart
Profession: King of England

United Kingdom

Biography: Lost the English Civil War, executed in Whitehall, London - but wore an extra shirt because he did not want shivers due to the cold to be misinterpreted as fear.

Born: November 19, 1600
Birthplace: Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
Star Sign: Scorpio

Died: January 30, 1649 (aged 48)
Cause of Death: Decapitation

Articles and Photos

Married Life

  • 1625-06-13 English king Charles I marries French princess Henrietta Maria at Canterbury cathedral in Canterbury, England

Historical Events

  • 1625-03-27 Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland ascends the English throne
  • 1626-06-15 King Charles I disbands English parliament
  • 1627-06-02 English king Charles I establishes Guyana Company
  • 1628-03-01 Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date
  • 1628-03-04 England's King Charles I grants a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1628-06-07 English King Charles I ratifies the Petition of Rights
  • 1629-03-02 English King Charles I dissolves Parliament against opposition, imprisoning 9 members of parliament
  • 1629-03-10 English King Charles I dissolves Parliament for the 4th time in his reign, summons new Parliament 11 years later, only to be dissolved after 3 months
  • 1629-10-30 King Charles I gives Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath
  • 1634-02-03 Most elaborate masque of the Carolinian age - "The triumph of Peace" held at Whitehall Palace, London, in front of King Charles I, written by James Shirley with sets by Inigo Jones
  • 1634-10-20 British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax
  • 1640-08-28 Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn
  • 1640-08-29 English King Charles I signs a peace treaty with Scotland
  • 1641-02-16 English king Charles I accepts Triennial Act requiring that Parliament meet for at least a fifty-day session once every three years
  • 1642-01-04 King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament
  • 1642-01-10 King Charles I & family flee London for Oxford
  • 1642-05-30 All honours granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament
  • 1642-10-23 Battle of Edgehill (Warwickshire): King Charles I beat English parliamentarian forces
  • 1642-11-13 Battle at Turnham Green outside London: King Charles I vs English parliament
  • 1643-09-20 First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton
  • 1644-10-27 Second Battle of Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies
  • 1645-06-14 Battle of Naseby, Leicestershire: "New Model Army" under Oliver Cromwell & Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of English King Charles I
  • 1646-04-27 King Charles I flees Oxford
  • 1646-05-05 King Charles I surrenders in Scotland
  • 1646-07-30 English parliament sets king Charles I Newcastle Propositions
  • 1647-01-30 After nine months of negotiations, Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English Parliament for around £100,000
  • 1647-06-04 English Parliamentary army under Cornet George Joyce takes King Charles I as a prisoner during Second Civil War
  • 1648-04-22 English army claims King Charles I responsible for bloodshed
  • 1648-11-30 English Parliamentary army captures King Charles I
  • 1649-01-06 The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other "high crimes"
  • 1660-10-17 Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.

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