On This Day

Leon Trotsky

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky

Full Name: Lev Davidovich Bronshtein
Profession: Russian Revolutionary

Nationality:
Russia
Russian
Soviet Union
Soviet

Why Famous: Russian Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army.

Fell out with Joseph Stalin and became exiled overseas. Was eventually tracked to Mexico, where he was assassinated using an ice-pick.

Born: November 7, 1879
Birthplace: Kirovohrad, Ukraine
Star Sign: Scorpio

Died: August 21, 1940 (aged 60)
Cause of Death: Assassination

Articles and Photos

Events in the Life of Leon Trotsky

  • 1908-10-03 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna
  • 1917-10-08 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control
  • 1917-11-07 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is proclaimed; first Council of People's Commissars is formed with Vladimir Lenin as leader and including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin
  • 1918-02-10 Trotsky declares that Russia is leaving the war
  • 1918-03-13 Trotsky gains control of the Red Army
  • 1919-03-23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky
  • 1921-03-07 Red Army under Trotsky attack sailors of Kronstadt naval base
  • 1924-01-21 Vladimir Lenin's Testament is handed over to the Communist Party; it calls for changes to the Soviet governing structure and criticizes Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky and other members
  • 1925-01-16 Mikhail Frunze replaces Leon Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Military and Native Affairs (Minister of Defence)
  • 1925-01-16 Leon Trotsky resigns as chairman of the Russian Revolutionary Military Council as he and Joseph Stalin battle for power in the aftermath of Vladimir Lenin's death
  • 1926-10-19 Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and his followers
  • 1926-11-19 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union
  • 1927-11-12 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, paving the way for Joseph Stalin to consolidate complete power
  • 1928-01-10 Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky
  • 1929-01-31 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey

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