Profession: Holy Roman Emperor
Why Famous: One of the most capable of the 18th century reformist rulers known as the "enlightened despots."
- 1764-08-05 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II (17) weds queen Maria Luisa of Spain (18) in Innsbruck, Austria
- 1786-11-30 Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II promulgates a penal reform, making his the 1st state to abolish the death penalty. November 30 commemorated as Cities for Life Day.