Why Famous: Head of the Mafia hit squad Murder, Inc. during the 1930s.
He became the only major mob boss to receive the death penalty in the United States after being convicted of murder.
- 1936-09-13 Acting on the orders of Louis Buchalter, Murder Inc. killers gun down Joseph Rosen, a Brooklyn candy store owner
- 1940-08-20 Louis Buchalter is indicted on murder charges in Los Angeles for the killing of Harry Greenberg, a mob associate of casino owner Meyer Lansky and mobster Bugsy Siegel
- 1941-05-09 Louis Buchalter is arraigned in New York state court on the 1936 Joseph Rosen murder along with three other murders
- 1941-12-02 American mobster Louis Buchalter is sentenced to death along with his lieutenants Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone