Why Famous: As a political and spiritual leader of the Metis people of the Canadian prairies, he led two resistance movements against the Canadian government, seeking to preserve Metis rights and culture. He was arrested and charged with treason before being executed in 1885.
- 1869-07-19 Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion
- 1870-03-04 On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously
- 1872-03-02 Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota
- 1885-03-19 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask
- 1885-03-26 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
- 1885-05-12 Battle of Batoche: Louis Riel and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leds to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel