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Lyndon B. Johnson

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson

Profession: 36th US President

United States of America

Political Party: Democratic Democratic Party
Political Titles: Vice President, 11th United States Senate Majority

Presidential Term: November 22, 1963 - January 20, 1969
Preceded By: John F. Kennedy
Succeeded By: Richard Nixon

Biography: Johnson became the president after the assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. He won re-election in his own right in 1965.

Johnson was highly successful in passing domestic legislation, policies which he termed the Great Society. This included Medicare, Medicaid, legislation expanding civil rights and public broadcasting. He declared a War on Poverty, which was successful in getting millions of Americans above the poverty line. His presidency coincided with the peak of the civil rights movement, and he signed a number of civil rights legislation into law.

The Vietnam War dominated Johnson's presidency. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964 paved the way for America's domination of the conflict. Johnson drew increasing criticism for his handling of the war which saw thousands of Americans die and a credibility gap emerge over his claims of victory. Amid a massive anti-war movement and an increasingly violent domestic situation, Johnson's popularity rapidly declined and he announced he would not seek re-election in 1968.

Despite fierce criticism over the Vietnam War, Johnson's domestic achievements helped reshape American politics.

Born: August 27, 1908
Birthplace: Stonewall, Texas, USA

Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Monkey
Star Sign: Virgo

Died: January 22, 1973 (aged 64)

Articles and Photos

Married Life

  • 1934-11-17 Lyndon B. Johnson marries Claudia Alta Taylor

Historical Events

  • 1961-08-19 US vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson visits West Berlin
  • 1963-11-05 US VP Lyndon B. Johnson visits Netherlands
  • 1963-11-22 Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in as the 36th US President after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy
  • 1963-11-23 LBJ proclaims Nov 25 a day of national mourning (for JFK)
  • 1963-11-29 LBJ sets up Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of JFK
  • 1963-12-06 President Lyndon B. Johnson confers Presidential Medal of Freedom on 31 recipients selected by JFK, including: contralto Marian Anderson; diplomat Ralph Bunche; cellist Pablo Casals; Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter; labor leader George Meaney; architect Mies van der Rohe; pianist Rudolf Serkin; writers E.B. White and Thorton Wilder; and painter Andrew Wyeth; as well as posthumously to JFK himself, and Pope John XXIII
  • 1964-01-08 President Lyndon B. Johnson declares "War on Poverty"
  • 1964-02-29 LBJ reveals the US has secretly developed the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, an advanced, longā€range high-speed and high-altitude reconnaissance airplane
  • 1964-03-16 LBJ asks Congress to pass Economic Opportunity Act as part of his War on Poverty
  • 1964-05-22 LBJ presents "Great Society"
  • 1964-07-02 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act into law
  • 1964-08-20 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Economic Opportunity Act, an anti-poverty measure totaling nearly $1 billion
  • 1964-08-26 LBJ nominated at Democratic convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey
  • 1964-09-03 Wilderness Act signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1964-09-14 President Lyndon Johnson presents Walter Lippmann with the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • 1964-11-03 Lyndon B. Johnson is elected President of the United States in a landslide, with Hubert Humphrey as his vice president, defeating Republican candidate Barry Goldwater
  • 1964-12-13 In El Paso, Texas, LBJ & Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion diverting Rio Grande, to reshape US-Mexico border
  • 1965-01-04 LBJ's "Great Society" State of the Union Address
  • 1965-06-28 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1965-07-27 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking
  • 1965-07-28 LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)
  • 1965-07-30 LBJ signs Medicare bill, which goes into effect in 1966
  • 1965-08-06 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act prohibiting voting discrimination against minorities
  • 1965-12-25 US President Lyndon B. Johnson orders a halt to bombing operations in North Vietnam, hoping to spur peace talks
  • 1966-01-12 LBJ says US should stay in South Vietnam until communist aggression ends
  • 1966-01-13 Robert C. Weaver, 1st Black person selected for cabinet by US President Lyndon B. Johnson (Housing and Urban Development - HUD)
  • 1966-07-04 LBJ signs Freedom of Information Act
  • 1966-09-09 The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • 1966-09-15 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to the United States Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.
  • 1966-10-15 LBJ signs a bill creating US Department of Transportation
  • 1966-11-08 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs anti-trust immunity to AFL-NFL merger
  • 1967-06-23 US President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin hold 1st of 2 summit meetings in Glassboro, New Jersey (about halfway between NYC and Washington, DC)
  • 1967-07-27 LBJ sets up commission to study cause of urban violence
  • 1967-11-07 LBJ signs a bill establishing Corporation for Public Broadcasting
  • 1968-03-20 LBJ signs a bill removing gold backing from US paper money
  • 1968-03-31 US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces in an address to the nation that he will not seek re-election
  • 1968-03-31 US President Lyndon B. Johnson authorizes a troop surge in Vietnam, bringing the total number of US soldiers to a peak of 549,500
  • 1968-04-11 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs 1968 Civil Rights Act
  • 1968-10-31 US President Lyndon B. Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam

Biographies and Sources

Famous US Presidents