Full Name: Manuel José Joaquín del Corazón de Jesús Belgrano y González
Profession: Argentine Politician and Military Leader
Why Famous: Regarded as one of the main liberators of Argentina, Belgrano participated in the Argentine Wars of Independence and created the Argentine flag. He was involved in several military expeditions and campaigns during the independence wars.
In 1816 he participated in the Congress of Tucumán which declared the independence of Argentina. Later he took control of the Army of the North before he died of dropsy on 20 June 1820. His last words were "¡Ay, Patria mía!" (Oh, my country!).