On This Day

Marcus Junius Brutus

Roman Republican Politician Marcus Junius Brutus

Profession: Roman Republican Politician

Nationality: Roman

Why Famous: Through William Shakespeare's play "Julius Caesar" Brutus is the most famous of the conspirators, the so-called "Liberators" who assassinated Julius Caesar on the Ides of March in 44 BC.

Born into a noble Roman family Brutus's ancestor Lucius Junius Brutus supposedly overthrew the Etruscan king ruling Rome and was titled 'the founder of Rome'. Brutus's own career began following the politician Cato and he backed Pompey on the civil war with Julius Caesar. After Caesar's victory, Brutus was forgiven, due in part to his mother Servilia being at some point Caesar's lover.

Brutus joined the conspiracy after Caesar appointed himself dictator for life. After Caesar's murder the Liberators fought a war against the successors of Caesar, Mark Anthony and Octavian. It was Mark Antony who defeated Brutus' forces in 42 BC that marked his end. He committed suicide honorably by running onto his sword

Died: October 23, 42 BC
Cause of Death: Suicide

Events in the Life of Marcus Junius Brutus

  • 0044-03-15 BC Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Brutus, Cassius and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March in Rome
  • 0043-04-21 BC Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.
  • 0043-04-14 BC Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.
  • 0042-10-23 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.
  • 0042-10-03 BC First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.

Famous Romans