Profession: President of Portugal
Why Famous: Mário Soares, often called Portugal's 'father of modern democracy' was a central figure in Portuguese political life in the second half of the 20th century.
As a young man Soares joined the Communist party and actively protested against his country's dictatorship. For this he was imprisoned and forcibly exiled to the island of São Tomé.
Soares came to political prominence during the 'Carnation Revolution' of 1974 as part of the Socialist party, where he served as Foreign Minister.
In 1976 Soares, as leader of the Socialist party became the first elected civilian Prime Minister in more than 50 years when he formed a minority government.
Soares led a further minority government 1983-85, but was thwarted in his efforts to be the one to take Portugal in the EU.
In 1986 he was elected President of Portugal, a mostly honorific role and served till 1996. From 1999-2004 he served in the European parliament
- 1949-02-22 Future Portuguese President Mário Soares (24) weds actress Maria de Jesus Barroso (24) at the 3rd Conservatory of the Civil Register of Lisbon
- 1968-03-21 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares banished to Sao Tomé, having been arrested by secret police under dictator António de Oliveira Salazar
- 1968-11-10 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares released from banishment in Sao Tomé under new regieme of Marcello Caetano
- 1975-04-25 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925 following the Carnation Revolution of 1974
- 1978-01-26 Mário Soares forms Portuguese government
- 1978-07-27 Portuguese President António Ramalho Eanes fires Premier Mário Soares
- 1983-04-25 Portugal's Mário Soares' Partido Socialista wins parliamentary election
- 1985-06-26 Portugal's Socialist Prime Minister Mário Soares resigns amid predictions that Parliament would be dissolved and elections called
- 1986-02-16 Mário Soares from the Socialist Party is elected the 1st civilian President of Portugal
- 1991-01-13 President Mário Soares of Portugal re-elected