Profession: President of Portugal
Why Famous: Mário Soares, often called Portugal's 'father of modern democracy' was a central figure in Portuguese political life in the second half of the 20th century.
As a young man Soares joined the Communist party and actively protested against his country's dictatorship. For this he was imprisoned and forcibly exiled to the island of São Tomé.
Soares came to political prominence during the 'Carnation Revolution' of 1974 as part of the Socialist party, where he served as Foreign Minister.
In 1976 Soares, as leader of the Socialist party became the first elected civilian Prime Minster in more than 50 years when he formed a minority government.
Soares led a further minority government 1983-85, but was thwarted in his efforts to be the one to take Portugal in the EU.
In 1986 he was elected President of Portugal, a mostly honorific role and served till 1996. From 1999-2004 he served in the European parliament
- 1949-02-22 Future Portuguese President Mário Soares (24) weds actress Maria de Jesus Barroso (24) at the 3rd Conservatory of the Civil Register of Lisbon
- 1968-03-21 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares banished to Sao Tomé
- 1968-11-10 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares freed
- 1975-04-25 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925
- 1975-04-26 Mário Soaress' Socialist Party wins 1st free election in Portugal
- 1977-12-08 Portugal's premier Mário Soares resigns
- 1978-01-26 Mário Soares forms Portuguese government
- 1978-07-27 Portuguese President António Ramalho Eanes fires Premier Mário Soares
- 1983-04-25 Portugal's Mário Soares' Partido Socialista wins parliamentary election
- 1986-02-16 Mário Soares from the Socialist Party is elected the 1st civilian President of Portugal
- 1991-01-13 President Mário Soares of Portugal re-elected