On This Day

Marquis de Condorcet

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet

Full Name: Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet
Profession: Enlightenment Philosopher


Biography: A famous thinker of the Enlightenment period and a significant figure during the French Revolution. He was elected secretary to the French Academy of Sciences and worked at the Inspector General of the Mint. In his writing he advocated for a general education system and for rights for all, especially women. He is also remembered for the Condorcet election method.

When the revolution broke out he represented Paris in the legislative and later took part in the National Convention for which he drafted a new constitution on behalf of the Girondin faction. The rise of the more radical Jacobins led to the warrant for his arrest and eventual death in prison after months of hiding.

Born: September 17, 1743
Birthplace: Ribemont, Picardy, France
Star Sign: Virgo

Died: March 28, 1794 (aged 50)
Cause of Death: Murdered or committed suicide by poison while in Bourg-la-Reine prison

Historical Events

  • 1792-09-21 French Revolution: The National Convention passes a proclamation announcing the formal abolition of the French monarchy
  • 1792-09-22 French First Republic formed by the National Convention, stripping the French king of his powers
  • 1793-01-16 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
  • 1793-08-23 French Revolution: The National Convention adopts the levée en masse, conscripting all able-bodied men between 18 and 25 for military service during the French Revolutionary Wars
  • 1793-10-03 A warrant is issued for the arrest of French mathematician and philosopher Marquis de Condorcet forcing him into hiding

Famous Philosophers