On This Day

Marquis de Condorcet

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet

Profession: Enlightenment Philosopher

Nationality:
France
French

Why Famous: A famous thinker of the Enlightenment period and a significant figure during the French Revolution. He was elected secretary to the French Academy of Sciences and worked at the Inspector General of the Mint. In his writing he advocated for a general education system and for rights for all, especially women. He is also remembered for the Condorcet election method.

When the revolution broke out he represented Paris in the legislative and later took part in the National Convention for which he drafted a new constitution on behalf of the the Girondin faction. The rise of the more radical Jacobins led to the warrant for his arrest and eventual death in prison after months of hiding.

Born: September 17, 1743
Birthplace: Ribemont, France
Star Sign: Virgo

Died: March 28, 1794 (aged 50)
Cause of Death: Murdered

Events in the Life of Marquis de Condorcet

  • 1792-09-21 French Revolution: The National Convention passes a proclamation announcing the formal abolition of the French monarchy
  • 1792-09-22 French First Republic formed by the National Convention, stripping French king of his powers
  • 1793-01-16 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
  • 1793-08-23 French Revolution: The National Convention adopts the levĂ©e en masse, conscripting all able-bodied men between 18 and 25 for military service during the French Revolutionary Wars
  • 1793-10-03 A warrant is issued for the arrest of French mathematician and philosopher Marquis de Condorcet forcing him into hiding

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