Profession: Theologian and Founder of Protestantism
Why Famous: A seminal figure of the 16th-century movement in Christianity known later as the Protestant Reformation, thanks in large part to his Ninety-Five Theses.
His refusal to retract all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the Pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Emperor.
Theory That Put The World To Rights
The Protestant Reformation
Martin Luther Challenges the Money-Making Pope
Martin Luther is Excommunicated
- 1525-06-13 Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.
- 1501-01-14 Martin Luther enters the University of Erfurt, aged 17
- 1505-07-02 After an encounter with a violent thunderstorm, Martin Luther declares that he will become a monk
- 1505-07-17 Martin Luther enters into an Augustinian monastery at Erfurt
- 1512-10-19 Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia)
- 1512-10-21 Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.
- 1517-10-31 Martin Luther sends his 95 Theses to Albrecht von Brandenburg, the Archbishop of Mainz, precipitating the Protestant Reformation
- 1518-10-12 Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
- 1519-07-16 Public debate between Martin Luther and theologian Johann Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, during which Luther denies the divine right of the Pope
- 1520-12-10 Martin Luther publicly burns papal edict demanding he recant
- 1521-01-03 Martin Luther is excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church for failing to recant parts of his Ninety-five Theses which started the Protestant Reformation
- 1521-01-28 Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms in Worms, Germany which lasts until May 25th; Produced the "Edict of Worms" which denounced Martin Luther
- 1521-04-16 Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly
- 1521-04-18 Diet of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Martin Luther
- 1521-05-08 Parliament of Worms installs edict against Martin Luther
- 1521-05-25 Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers
- 1522-03-09 Martin Luther begins preaching his "Invocavit Sermons" in the German city of Wittenberg, reminding citizens to trust God's word rather than violence and thus helping bring to a close the revolutionary stage of the Reformation