Profession: Founder of Protestanism
Why Famous: A seminal figure of the 16th-century movement in Christianity known later as the Protestant Reformation, thanks in large part to his Ninety-Five Theses.
His refusal to retract all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the Pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Emperor.
The Protestant Reformation
Martin Luther Challenges the Money-Making Pope
Martin Luther is Excommunicated
- 1525-06-13 Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.
- 1501-01-14 Martin Luther enters the University of Erfurt, aged 17
- 1505-07-02 After an encounter with a violent thunderstorm, Martin Luther declares that he will become a monk
- 1505-07-17 Martin Luther enters into an Augustinian monastery at Erfurt
- 1512-10-19 Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia)
- 1512-10-21 Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.
- 1517-10-31 Martin Luther sends his 95 Theses to Albrecht von Brandenburg, the Archbishop of Mainz, precipitating the Protestant Reformation
- 1518-10-12 Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
- 1519-07-16 Public debate between Martin Luther and theologian Johann Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, during which Luther denies the divine right of the Pope
- 1520-12-10 Martin Luther publicly burns papal edict demanding he recant
- 1521-01-03 Martin Luther is excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church for failing to recant parts of his Ninety-five Theses which started the Protestant Reformation
- 1521-01-28 Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms in Worms, Germany which lasts until May 25th. Produced the "Edict of Worms" which dennouced Martin Luther
- 1521-04-16 Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly
- 1521-04-18 Diet of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Martin Luther
- 1521-05-08 Parliament of Worms installs edict against Martin Luther
- 1521-05-25 Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers
- 1522-03-09 Martin Luther begins preaching his "Invocavit Sermons" in the German city of Wittenberg, reminding citizens to trust God's word rather than violence and thus helping bring to a close the revolutionary stage of the Reformation