Profession: Poet & Critic
Why Famous: Matthew Arnold was a British poet, scholar, writer of prose and social criticism and a schools inspector.
He was elected Oxford Professor of Poetry in 1857 and was the first to lecture in English rather than Latin. Some of his most famous poems include: "Dover Beach", "The Scholar-Gipsy and "Tristram and Iseult".
Arnold's prose works include his collection of essays "Culture and Anarchy" published from 1867, which introduced and popularized the terms "Philistine" and "sweetness and light".
- 1860-11-03 Poet and critic Matthew Arnold begins his series of lectures "On Translating Home" as Oxford Professor of Poetry at Oxford University