Full Name: Joseph Maurice Ravel
Profession: Composer and Pianist
Biography: Maurice Ravel was a French composer who lived from 1875 to 1937. He is known for his unique and innovative musical style, which incorporated elements of both traditional classical music and popular music.
Ravel was born into a musical family in the Basque town of Ciboure, France. His father, Pierre-Joseph Ravel, was an accomplished pianist and teacher, and his mother, Marie Delbos, was a singer.
Ravel began playing the piano at an early age and composed his first piece of music at the age of 12. He later studied at the Paris Conservatory, where he won the Prix de Rome in 1901.
Some of his most famous works include the ballet "Daphnis and Chloe" and the orchestral piece "Bolero". Ravel was also an accomplished pianist, and he frequently performed his own works as well as those of other composers.
Born: March 7, 1875
Birthplace: Ciboure, France
Star Sign: Pisces
Died: December 28, 1937 (aged 62)
- 1901-11-11 Maurice Ravel's piano composition "Jeux d'eau" premieres
- 1902-04-05 Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte (Pavane for A Dead Princess)" premieres in Paris, performed by Spanish pianist Ricardo Viñes
- 1904-05-17 Maurice Ravel's song cycle "Shéhérazade" premieres with Jeanne Hatto as soprano, at the Salle Nouveau Théâtre, Paris, France
- 1906-01-06 Maurice Ravel's "Miroirs" premieres in Paris
- 1906-03-10 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Sonatine" by pianist Paule de Lestang, in Lyon, France
- 1908-03-15 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Rapsodie Espagnole"
- 1911-05-19 Maurice Ravel's opera "L'Heure Espagnole" premieres at the Opéra-Comique, Paris, France
- 1919-05-17 Maurice Ravel's orchestral piece "Alborada del gracioso" premieres in Paris by the Pasdeloup Orchestra
- 1920-02-28 Maurice Ravel's orchestral suite "Le tombeau de Couperin" premieres in Paris
- 1920-12-12 Maurice Ravel's ballet "La Valse" premieres in Paris
- 1928-11-22 "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel first performed publicly (Paris)
- 1949-12-20 Maurice Ravel and John Cranko's ballet "Beauty And The Beast" premieres
- 1984-02-14 Britain's Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean famously dominate the ice dancing at the Sarajevo Winter Olympics; perform to Maurice Ravel's "Bolero" in free dance routine; record 9-of-9 perfect scores for artistic impression