On This Day

Maximilian I

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I

Profession: Emperor of Mexico


Biography: After a distinguished career in the Austrian Navy, Archduke Maximilian entered into a scheme with Napoleon III of France to rule Mexico.

France had invaded Mexico in 1861 as part of the War of the French Intervention. Seeking to legitimize French rule, Napoleon III invited Maximilian to establish a new Mexican monarchy.

With the support of the French army and a group of conservative Mexican nobels, Maximilian declared himself Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico in 1864.

His regime did not last long though, collapsing in 1867.

Born: July 6, 1832
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Star Sign: Cancer

Died: June 19, 1867 (aged 34)
Cause of Death: Executed by firing squad

Married Life

  • 1857-07-27 Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I (25) weds princess Charlotte of Belgium (17) in Brussels

Historical Events

  • 1864-04-10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Famous Austrians