On This Day

Maximilien Robespierre

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre

Profession: Revolutionary


Biography: Robespierre was one of the best known figures of the French Revolution. As a member of Estates-General and later as a member of the Committee of Public Safety, he was an important part of the bloodletting associated with the Committee's Reign of Terror.

Though his personal responsibility for the executions of the Terror remain a subject of debate, Robespierre was known as The Incorruptible for his eloquent defense of his left-wing beliefs.

During the Thermidorian Reaction, Robespierre himself was arrested and executed by guillotine.

Born: May 6, 1758
Birthplace: Arras, Artois, France
Star Sign: Taurus

Died: July 28, 1794 (aged 36)
Cause of Death: Executed by guillotine

Historical Events

  • 1791-05-15 Maximilien Robespierre proposes the self-denying ordinance, making it so that no deputy who sat in the Constituent Assembly could sit in the succeeding Assembly
  • 1791-09-30 The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots
  • 1792-09-26 Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France
  • 1794-07-27 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris
  • 1794-07-28 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris

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