Profession: Irish Nationalist Leader
Why Famous: One of the key leaders in the struggle for Irish independence during the early 20th century.
Collins along with Arthur Griffith were the main Irish representatives that negotiated the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921. The treaty concluded the Irish War of Independence and led to the establishment of the Irish Free State. It also caused a split in the IRA that led to the Irish Civil War.
He showed his support for the fledgling state by becoming Chairman of the Provisional Government and Commander-in-chief of the National Army.
Collins was shot and killed by anti-Treaty republicans in an ambush at Béal na Bláth in August 1922 during the Irish Civil War.
- 1921-12-06 Anglo-Irish Treaty signed; Ireland receives dominion status; partition creates Northern Ireland
- 1922-01-07 The Anglo-Irish Treaty is ratified by Dail Eireann by a 64-57 vote