Profession: Prime Minister of Iran
Why Famous: Democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran from 1951 until 1953, when his government was overthrown in a coup d'état supported by the American CIA (Operation Ajax) and the British SIS.
Mosaddegh's administration introduced a range of social and political reforms such as social security and land reforms, including taxation of the rent on land.
His government's most notable policy and the source of his undoing was the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, which had been under British control since 1913 through the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC/AIOC), now known as British Petroleum or BP.
- 1951-04-28 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)
- 1953-08-19 The democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name 'Operation Boot') and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project)
- 1953-08-20 General Fazlollah Zahedi arrests Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in a CIA supported coup d'état