Full Name: Mahomedali Jinnahbhai
Profession: Founder of Pakistan
Biography: Jinnah is revered in Pakistan as the Father of the Nation and his birthday is a national holiday in the country. Born in Karachi, he attended legal training in London, before serving in the Bombay High Court. Here he developed an interest in national politics, and was initially a member of the Indian National Congress.
At first advocating Hindu-Muslim unity, he helped form the Lucknow Pact between the INC and the All-India Muslim League, which he was now leading. He resigned from the Congress in 1920 after disagreeing with their policy of satyagraha, a form of non-violent resistance, which he believed resembled anarchy, putting him at odds with Mahatma Gandhi.
In 1940 he led the League to make the Lahore Declaration, demanding a separate state for India's Muslim population. After years of protests, negotiations, debate and the Second World War, the League won most seats reserved for Muslims in the post-war election, and they were unable to reconcile their differences with the Congress. By the time India was made independent in 1947, both agreed that Muslims should have an independent state, and Pakistan was born.
Jinnah served as the first Governor-General of Pakistan from 1947 until his death a year later in 1948. He remains deeply revered in Pakistan, and is the country's most popular leader.
- 1887-07-04 Future founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, begins his studies at Sindh Madressatul Islam University in Karachi
- 1947-07-10 Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee
- 1948-09-12 Indian Army Invades the State of Hyderabad a day after Pakistani leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah passes away