Profession: Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Why Famous: As leader of the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Anielewicz has been remembered in popular history as a hero who forcibly resisted the mass deportations taking place in Nazi Germany. The unexpected resistance the Nazis faced stymied their efforts to clear the Warsaw Ghetto for months, though Anielewicz's comrades suffered heavy casualties.
For his efforts in coordinating the largest Jewish armed resistance during the Holocaust, several memorials have been dedicated to Anielewicz in Poland and Israel.
- 1940-10-16 Warsaw Ghetto is formed by German Governor-General Hans Frank
- 1940-10-31 Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into the Warsaw Ghetto
- 1942-07-22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp
- 1943-01-19 1st Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins
- 1943-04-19 Jews refuse to surrender the Warsaw Ghetto to SS officer Jürgen Stroop, who then orders its destruction, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
- 1943-05-16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300