Full Name: born Goldmark Péter Károly
Profession: Engineer and Inventor of the LP Record
Biography: Peter Goldmark emigrated to America in 1936 and worked for CBS Laboratories developing new technology for broadcast and recording.
After leading the successful development of the 33-1/3 rpm long-playing record, he continued to innovate at CBS. An early version of color television broadcasting was not commercially successful due to incompatibility with existing TV sets, although his equipment was used for scientific work, and by NASA.
He later developed a phonograph player for automobiles that was an option in Chrysler vehicles during the 1950s. Goldmark also worked on early versions of home video recording systems, but CBS worried that it would create competition against their broadcasts.
After retiring from CBS, Goldmark researched teleconferencing and remote medical consultations for rural areas.
He was awarded the US National Medal for Science for his lifetime of work by President Carter.
Born: December 2, 1906
Birthplace: Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Horse
Star Sign: Sagittarius
Died: December 7, 1977 (aged 71)
Cause of Death: Car accident
Articles and Photos
Goodbye Scratchy 78s, Hello VinylPeter Goldmark will most be remembered for creating the long-playing vinyl record. But his many inventions earned him America’s National Medal of Science.
December 2, 1906
- 1948-06-21 Columbia Records unveil the 33-1/3 rpm LP phonograph record invented by Peter Carl Goldmark, allowing up to 20 minutes per side (available in 10 and 12 inch diameters), at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, NYC; over the next decade the popularity and profitability of the LP pushed the 78 rpm out of production
- 1977-11-22 US President Jimmy Carter presents engineer Peter Goldmark with the National Medal of Science for his work communication and entertainment technology
Biographies and Sources
- Inside the Archival Box: The First Long-Playing Disc - Library Of Congress