On This Day

Peter Fraser

New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser

Profession: New Zealand Prime Minister

New Zealand
New Zealand

Biography: A major figure in the history of the New Zealand Labour Party, Fraser served as Prime Minister between 1940 and 1949. In this capacity he led the country through the majority of World War II, and formed a national political coalition containing several of his political enemies.

Serving as health minister in the government of Michael Joseph Savage, Fraser implemented the legislation which established a universal healthcare system.

After the war, Fraser actively promoted the Commonwealth and helped grow New Zealand's position globally.

Born: August 28, 1884
Birthplace: Hill of Fearn, Scotland, United Kingdom

Generation: Lost Generation
Star Sign: Virgo

Died: December 12, 1950 (aged 66)
Cause of Death: Heart attack following hospitalization with influenza

Historical Events

  • 1940-03-27 Peter Fraser becomes Prime Minister of New Zealand after the death of his predecessor Michael Joeseph Savage from cancer
  • 1946-11-27 Peter Fraser's Labour government wins a second term in New Zealand's general elections
  • 1949-11-30 New Zealand general election won by Sidney Holland's National party, ousting Peter Fraser's Labour government

Famous NZ Prime Ministers