On This Day

Peter the Great

Russian Tsar Peter the Great

Full Name: Pyotr Alexeyevich
Profession: Russian Tsar


Biography: Expanded the Tsardom into a huge empire and a major European power.

Throughout his reign he was very interested in shipbuilding and maritime power.

Born: June 9, 1672
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Star Sign: Gemini

Died: February 8, 1725 (aged 52)
Cause of Death: Gangrenous bladder

Married Life

  • 1712-02-19 Russian Tsar Peter the Great officially marries Polish-Lithuanian pre-marriedeasant Martha Skavronskaya at Saint Isaac's Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, having earlier married in secret in 1707

Historical Events

  • 1682-06-29 Sofia Alekseyevna names herself regent of Russia for her brothers Ivan V and half-brother Peter I
  • 1696-07-18 Tsar Peter I's fleet occupies Azov at mouth of Don River
  • 1698-01-07 Russian Tsar Peter the Great departs Netherlands for England
  • 1698-08-18 Russian Tsar Peter the Great arrives in Zaandam
  • 1698-08-25 Tsar Peter the Great returns to Moscow after trip through Western Europe
  • 1698-09-05 Russian Tsar Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards
  • 1699-12-20 Russian Tsar Peter the Great ordered Russian New Year changed from Sept 1 to Jan 1
  • 1703-05-27 Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Russian Tsar Peter the Great
  • 1707-09-15 Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania and Tsar Peter the Great sign social security agreement
  • 1709-06-27 Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava, Charles goes into exile
  • 1710-01-27 Tsar Peter the Great sets first Russian state budget
  • 1711-08-01 Surrounded Tsar Peter the Great flees Azov
  • 1716-11-03 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom
  • 1721-01-25 Tsar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy
  • 1721-10-22 Tsar Peter the Great becomes "All-Russian Imperator"
  • 1722-01-24 Tsar Peter the Great begins civil system
  • 1724-01-28 The Russian Academy of Sciences founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented in a Senate decree. Called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.
  • 1772-04-06 Catherine the Great Empress of Russia, ends tax on men with beards, enacted by Tsar Peter the Great in 1698
  • 2022-06-09 Russian leader Vladimir Putin compares himself to Tsar Peter the Great, who conquered the Baltic coast, at an exhibition to the Tsar in Moscow

Quotes by Peter the Great

  • "I have conquered an empire but I have not been able to conquer myself."

Biographies and Sources

Famous Kings