Profession: King of Spain
Why Famous: During Philip II's reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power often referred to as Spain's Golden Age.
The expression, "the empire on which the sun never sets," was coined during his reign to reflect the extent of his dominion which stretched from Europe, to the Americas and Asia.
From 1554 he was also the King of Naples and Sicily as well as the Duke of Milan. During his marriage to Queen Mary I (1554–58), he also became the King of England and Ireland.
- 1560-01-31 Spanish King Philip II (10) marries Elisabeth of Valois (13), daughter of Henry II of France
- 1560-09-25 Spanish King Philip II names Frederik Schenck of Toutenburg as 1st archbishop of Utrecht
- 1561-09-23 King Philip II of Spain forbids Spanish settlements in Florida
- 1564-08-18 Spanish King Philip II joins Council of Trente
- 1566-12-01 Spanish King Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva
- 1579-07-29 Spanish King Philip II arrests plotters Antonio Perez and Princess van Eboli
- 1580-03-15 Spanish King Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of Prince William of Orange
- 1598-09-01 Spanish King Philip II receives sacraments