On This Day

Pierre Laval

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval

Profession: Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France


Biography: French politician who served as Prime Minister of France twice in the 1930s and who collaborated with Nazi Germany as head of Vichy France.

Laval was Time's person of the year in 1931 for opposing the Hoover Moratorium, a temporary freeze on World War I debt payments that was disliked in both France and the US.

Born: June 28, 1883
Birthplace: Châteldon, France

Generation: Lost Generation
Star Sign: Cancer

Died: October 15, 1945 (aged 62)
Cause of Death: Executed by firing squad for high treason

Historical Events

  • 1932-02-20 Pierre Laval's first French government falls
  • 1935-01-07 French Foreign minister Pierre Laval and Benito Mussolini sign the Franco-Italian Agreement
  • 1936-01-24 Pierre Laval's second French government falls
  • 1945-07-31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

Famous French People