Profession: Marine Biologist and Writer
Why Famous: Began her career as an aquatic biologist in the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries before becoming a full-time nature writer in the 1950s. Her widely praised 1951 bestseller "The Sea Around Us" won her a U.S. National Book Award. Her next book, "The Edge of the Sea", and the reissued version of her first book, "Under the Sea Wind", were also bestsellers.
She was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Jimmy Carter.
- 1962-09-27 Rachel Carson publishes 'Silent Spring' about the deleterious impacts of pesticide use in the US on the environment