Profession: British Prime Minister
Why Famous: Elected in 1924 as the first British Labour Party Prime Minister with Liberal Party support. In government he was widely applauded for his moderation and his support of the League of Nations winning the Labour Party praise for its competency.
On regaining the Prime Ministership in 1929, Labour and his government were overwhelmed by the crisis of the Great Depression and split by demands for public spending cuts to preserve the Gold Standard.
In 1931 he was expelled from the party and led a National Government with support from the Conservatives. He abandoned the gold standard and called a general election in 1931 which he won in a landslide under a National Labour ticket. He resigned as Prime Minister in 1935.
MacDonald has been bitterly denounced by Labour supporters as a traitor and is also seen as one of the prime appeasers of Adolf Hitler's Germany.
- 1922-11-22 British Labour party elects Ramsay MacDonald as leader
- 1924-01-23 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms Britain's first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party
- 1924-02-01 Ramsay MacDonald's incoming Labour government formally recognizes the Soviet Union
- 1924-10-08 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives
- 1924-11-04 Stanley Baldwin becomes Britain's Prime Minister for a second time after a landslide victory over Ramsay MacDonald's Labour Party
- 1929-10-07 Ramsay MacDonald is first British Prime Minister to address US Congress