Richard Strauss

Composer and Conductor Richard Strauss

Profession: Composer and Conductor


Biography: Richard Strauss was a German composer and conductor, regarded as a successor to Richard Wagner and Franz Liszt. He is often categorized alongside Gustav Mahler as representing the late movement of German Romanticism.

Strauss composed works starting at six years old, and continued to work for nearly eighty years. He has created pieces in most every form, though is best regarded for his tone poems and operas.

Of Strauss' best known work are the tone poems Don Juan (1888) and Also sprach Zarathustra (1896). He is also highly regarded for his operas, including Salome (1905) and Ariadne auf Naxos (1912).

Beyond his original works, Strauss was also known as a major conductor in Western Europe and the Americas. He was a student of of Hans von Bülow, having begun his career by first working as his assistant and then taking over for him at the Meiningen Court Orchestra.

Born: June 11, 1864
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Star Sign: Gemini

Died: September 8, 1949 (aged 85)

Historical Events

  • 1893-12-23 Opera "Hansel und Gretel" by Engelbert Humperdinck and his sister Adelheid Wette premieres in Weimar, conducted by Richard Strauss
  • 1894-11-05 Richard Strauss' tone poem "Till Eulenspiegel" premieres
  • 1896-11-27 "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) by Richard Strauss, inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical novel, debuts in Frankfurt
  • 1901-11-21 Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot" premieres in Dresden
  • 1905-12-09 Richard Strauss' opera "Salome" premieres in Dresden
  • 1909-01-25 Richard Strauss' premier of "Elektra" in Dresden
  • 1910-02-19 English premiere of Richard Strauss' opera "Elektra"
  • 1911-01-26 Richard Strauss's opera "Die Rosenkavalier" premieres at the Königliches Opernhaus in Dresden, Germany
  • 1915-10-28 Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin
  • 1919-10-10 Richard Strauss and Hugo van Hofmannsthal's opera "Die Frau ohne Schatten" (The Woman Without A Shadow), premieres in Vienna, Austria
  • 1934-10-20 Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"
  • 1935-07-13 Richard Strauss resigns as chairman of Reichskulturkammer
  • 1943-08-11 Richard Strauss' Second Horn Concert, premieres
  • 1945-04-12 Richard Strauss completes his "Metamorphosen"
  • 1946-01-25 Richard Strauss' "Metamorphosis" premieres in Zurich
  • 1950-05-22 Richard Strauss' "4 Last Songs" (4 letzte Lieder) premieres in London