Profession: Polar Explorer
Why Famous: Led the Norwegian Antarctic expedition of 1910–12 which was the first to reach the South Pole, famously beating Robert Scott's expedition by 33-34 days.
Amundsen is recognized as the first person to have reached both poles. He is also known as having the first expedition to traverse the Artic's Northwest Passage (1903–06).
In 1926, Amundsen and 15 other men also made the first crossing of the Arctic by air, in the airship Norge.
In June 1928, while taking part in a rescue mission for the Airship Italia, the plane he was in disappeared and he is presumed to have died in the crash or shortly afterwards.
- 1903-06-16 Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway
- 1906-09-16 Douglas Mawson, Edgeworth David and Alistair Mackay claim to have discovered the Magnetic South Pole in Antarctica
- 1911-01-13 Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa
- 1911-01-14 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition lands on the Ross Ice Shelf
- 1911-10-20 Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole
- 1911-12-14 Norwegian Roald Amundsen's expedition is the 1st to each the South Pole
- 1912-01-17 Captain Robert Scott's expedition arrives at the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen
- 1912-03-07 Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole
- 1926-05-12 Airship Norge is the first vessel to fly over North Pole, lead by Roald Amundsen and piloted by Umberto Nobile
- 1958-01-04 NZ team led by Edmund Hillary reaches the South Pole, the 1st to reach the Pole overland using motor vehicles and the 1st since Amundsen in 1911 and Scott in 1912