Profession: King of Scotland
Why Famous: One of the most well-known figures of Scottish history, Robert served as King of Scots from 1306 to 1329.
In this time he led Scotland against England in the First War of Scottish Independence. He had previously been Guardian of Scotland in the late 1290s but resigned in 1300 after fighting with his co-Guardian and rival John Comyn who he later killed in 1306.
A series of battles against the English made him one of the most famous warriors of his generation. After Edward II was deposed, his successor Edward III sought and achieved peace with Robert and renounced all claims to the Scottish throne.
Robert the Bruce is today revered as a hero in Scotland.
- 1306-03-25 Robert the Bruce crowned Robert I, King of Scots, having killed his rival John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch
- 1306-06-19 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert the Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven
- 1322-10-14 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence