On This Day

Robert Walpole

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole

Profession: 1st British Prime Minister


Biography: One of the greatest politicians in British history, Walpole served as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain and dominated the government from 1721 to 1742.

Born: August 26, 1676
Birthplace: Houghton, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom
Star Sign: Virgo

Died: March 18, 1745 (aged 68)

Historical Events

  • 1721-04-03 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later
  • 1735-09-22 Robert Walpole becomes the first British "Prime Minister" (actually First Lord of the Treasury) to live at 10 Downing Street
  • 1739-10-23 War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain
  • 1742-02-02 British government of Robert Walpole resigns
  • 1742-02-09 Sir Robert Walpole, often referred to as the first British Prime Minister, ennobled as 1st Earl of Orford

Famous British Prime Ministers