Profession: 19th US President
Political Party: Republican
Political Titles: Governor of Ohio
Biography: Prior to becoming the 19th President of the United States (1877–1881), Hayes served as the Governor of Ohio. During the Civil War he fought as a soldier for the Union and earned a reputation for bravery, particularly as he was injured five times in combat.
In 1876 he assumed the presidency after one of the most controversial and contentious elections in American history. Hayes lost the popular vote but won the most electoral college votes after a ferociously disputed ruling by a Congressional committee. The dispute led to the Compromise of 1877; Democrats in Congress allowed him to become president in return for the withdrawal of federal troops from the Southern states, ending the Reconstruction Era.
As president for a single term, he oversaw the end of Reconstruction, began the efforts that led to civil service reform, and attempted to reconcile the divisions left over from the Civil War and Reconstruction. His administration reflected his beliefs in meritocratic government, equal treatment without regard to race, and improvement through education.
Rutherford had pledged not to run for a second term, and retired to his native Ohio.
- 1852-12-30 Future US President Rutherford B. Hayes (30) weds teetotaler and abolitionist Lucy Webb (21)
- 1854-03-20 Anti-slavery activists within the US Whig political party opposed to the Kansas-Nebraska Act form a new Republican Party; notable politicians who switched allegiance include Abraham Lincoln, Rutherford B. Hayes, Chester A. Arthur, and Benjamin Harrison
- 1876-06-11 Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidential candidate
- 1876-11-07 President Rutherford B. Hayes and challenger Samuel J. Tilden claim presidential victory as Tilden (D) wins popular vote but Electoral College votes are disputed with Hayes (R)
- 1876-12-06 US Electoral College casts their votes in the disputed election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden; two sets of conflicting results are returned to Congress the next day
- 1877-01-25 Congress establishes the Electoral Commission to determine the disputed presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden
- 1877-03-02 US Electoral Commission declares Rutherford B. Hayes (R) winner of the presidential election with an electoral vote of 185-184 against Samuel J. Tilden (D)
- 1877-03-03 Rutherford B. Hayes takes the oath of office privately as official inauguration day falls on a Sunday
- 1877-03-05 Rutherford B. Hayes publicly inaugurated as 19th President of the United States
- 1877-03-18 US President Rutherford B. Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington, D.C.
- 1877-04-27 Rutherford B. Hayes removes Federal troops from Louisiana, Reconstruction ends
- 1877-05-10 US President Rutherford B. Hayes has 1st White House telephone installed, in the telegraph room
- 1878-02-28 Congress overrides US President Rutherford B. Hayes veto of the Bland-Allison Act, requiring the Treasury to buy a certain amount of silver and put it into circulation as silver dollars
- 1880-09-09 Rutherford B. Hayes visits San Franicsco