Profession: 19th US President
Political Party: Republican Political Titles: Governor of Ohio
Why Famous: Prior to becoming the 19th President of the United States (1877–1881), Hayes served as the Governor of Ohio. During the Civil War he fought as a soldier for the Union and earned a reputation for bravery, particularly as he was injured five times in combat.
In 1876 he assumed the presidency after one of the most controversial and contentious elections in American history. Hayes lost the popular vote but won the most electoral college votes after a ferociously disputed ruling by a Congressional committee. The dispute led to the Compromise of 1877; Democrats in Congress allowed him to become president in return for the withdrawal of federal troops from the Southern states, ending the Reconstruction Era.
As president for a single term, he oversaw the end of Reconstruction, began the efforts that led to civil service reform, and attempted to reconcile the divisions left over from the Civil War and Reconstruction. His administration reflected his beliefs in meritocratic government, equal treatment without regard to race, and improvement through education.
Rutherford had pledged not to run for a second term, and retired to his native Ohio.
- 1852-12-30 Future US President Rutherford B. Hayes (30) weds teetotaler and abolitionist Lucy Webb (21)
- 1876-06-11 Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidental candidate
- 1876-11-07 President Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden claim presidential victory as Tilden (D) wins election but Electoral college selects Hayes (R)
- 1876-12-06 US Electoral College picks Rutherford B. Hayes as President, despite Samuel J. Tilden winning more votes
- 1877-01-25 Congress determines presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden
- 1877-02-27 US Electoral College declares Rutherford B. Hayes winner of the presidential election
- 1877-03-02 Rutherford B. Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J. Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory
- 1877-03-03 Rutherford B. Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president
- 1877-03-05 Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US President
- 1877-03-18 US President Rutherford B. Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington, D.C.
- 1877-04-27 Rutherford B. Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
- 1880-09-09 Rutherford B. Hayes visits San Franicsco