On This Day

Sacagawea

Interpreter and Guide Sacagawea

Profession: Interpreter and Guide

Nationality: Shoshone

Why Famous: A Lemhi Shoshone woman, Sacagawea accompanied the Lewis and Clark Expedition during their exploration of the Western United States.

With the expedition, she traveled thousands of miles from North Dakota to the Pacific Ocean between 1804 and 1806.

In 1977, she was posthumously inducted into the National Cowgirl Hall of Fame, in Fort Worth, Texas.

Birthplace: Lemhi River Valley, United States

Died: December 20, 1812

Historical Events

  • 1805-04-07 Lewis and Clark Expedition leaves Fort Mandan (on the Missouri River near what is now Washburn, North Dakota), beginning their journey to the Pacific Ocean
  • 1805-11-07 Lewis and Clark Expedition first sights the Pacific Ocean at the mouth of the Columbia River
  • 1805-11-19 Lewis and Clark expedition, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west
  • 2001-01-17 President Bill Clinton posthumously raises William Clark's rank from Lieutenant to Captain, and gave the titles of Honorary Sergeant to Sacagawea, a Shoshone woman who served as guide, and York, a person enslaved by William Clark, who assisted the expedition party

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