Full Name: Marie-Sophie Germain
Why Famous: One of the pioneers of elasticity theory, Germain won the grand prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her essay on the subject titled "Recherches sur la théorie des surfaces élastiques".
Her work on Fermat's Last Theorem provided a foundation for mathematicians exploring the subject for hundreds of years after.
- 1816-01-08 Sophie Germain is the first woman to win a prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her paper on elasticity
- Marie-Sophie Germain - MacTutor History of Mathematics