Profession: Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist
Why Famous: Gould formulated the evolutionary theory of punctuated equilibrium in 1972 with Niles Eldredge, and is one of the best known and most widely read scientists of the late 20th century.
His theory of punctuated equilibrium states that evolutionary change is not a slow, steady process but rather occurs in a series of fits and starts.
- 1965-10-03 Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould (23) weds artist Deborah Lee
- 1979-09-21 Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin publish influential paper (cited more than 4,000 times) "The Spandrels of San Marco and the panglossian paradigm", introducing idea of "spandrels" into evolutionary biology