Sun Yat-sen

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen

Profession: Father of Modern China


Biography: The first president and founding father of the Republic of China. Sun is often referred to as the "Father of the Nation" in the Republic of China, Hong Kong, Macau and the "forerunner of democratic revolution" in People's Republic of China.

Sun played an instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty during the years leading up to the Xinhai Revolution. He was appointed to serve as Provisional President of the Republic of China when it was founded in 1912.

He later co-founded the Nationalist Party of China, serving as its first leader.

A uniting figure in post-Imperial China, Sun remains unique among 20th-century Chinese politicians for being widely revered by on both sides of the Taiwan Strait.

Born: November 12, 1866
Birthplace: Xiangshan [now Zhongshan], Guangdong, Qing Dynasty
Star Sign: Scorpio

Died: March 12, 1925 (aged 58)
Cause of Death: Liver cancer

Married Life

  • 1915-10-25 Leader of China's 1911 revolution Sun Yat-sen (48) weds second wife Soong Ching-ling

Historical Events

  • 1905-08-20 Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen forms the first chapter of T'ung Meng Hui, a union of all secret societies determined to bringing down the Manchus (Qing dynasty)
  • 1911-10-10 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)
  • 1911-12-29 Sun Yat-sen elected 1st President of the Republic of China
  • 1912-01-01 Sun Yat-sen forms the Republic of China
  • 1913-09-01 Zhang Xun's Wuwei Corps captures Nanjing on behalf of Emperor Yuan Shikai in the Republic of China's Second Revolution, ending Chinese independence and causing Sun Yat Sen to flee to Japan
  • 1916-06-06 The death of Yuan Shikai, ruler of much of China since 1912, causes central government to virtually collapse in the face of pressure from warlords, and from political reformers including Sun Yat-Sen
  • 1917-08-31 In China, Sun Yat-sen and his supporters' 'rump' parliament establishes a military government and elects Sun Yat-sen as commander-in-Chief
  • 1921-04-07 Revolutionary leader, Sun Yat-sen is elected President of China at Canton, though China remains divided into north and south and subject to rivalries of warlords
  • 1923-06-16 Sun Yat Sen founds Chinese military academy

Famous Chinese