On This Day

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Profession: Composer


Biography: The first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, which he bolstered with appearances as a guest conductor later in his career in Europe and the United States. One of these appearances was at the inaugural concert of Carnegie Hall in New York City in 1891.

Despite his many popular successes, his life was punctuated by personal crises and depression.

Born: May 7, 1840
Birthplace: Votkinsk, Russia
Star Sign: Taurus

Died: November 6, 1893 (aged 53)
Cause of Death: Cholera (although suicide has been suggested)

Married Life

  • 1877-07-06 Composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (37) weds Antonina Miliukova (29) at the Church of Saint George in Moscow, Russia

Historical Events

  • 1875-10-25 The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von B├╝low as soloist
  • 1876-04-22 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky completes his ballet "Swan Lake"
  • 1876-11-17 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patriotic Slavonic March makes its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception
  • 1877-03-04 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" has its world premiere, performed by the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow
  • 1878-02-10 Peter Tchaikovsky's 4th Symphony in F premieres
  • 1882-08-20 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture" debuts in Moscow
  • 1886-02-23 Tchaikovsky's "Manfred" symphony premieres
  • 1888-11-17 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky' conducts the premiere of his 5th Symphony at the Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1891-05-05 Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in New York, Tchaikovsky is guest conductor
  • 1892-12-18 Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet "The Nutcracker" premieres in Saint Petersburg, Russia, now the world's most performed ballet; his final opera "Isolanta" also premieres
  • 1893-01-03 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's final opera "Iolanta", is first performed outside of Russia in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1893-10-28 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducts first performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, "Pathetique"
  • 1895-01-27 Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov's revival of Pyotr Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres in St. Petersburg

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