Profession: Economist and Demographer
Why Famous: Influential in the fields of political economy and demography and for his theories on population.
His ideas about the role of famine, disease, and competition between individuals in limiting population growth were radically opposed to the ideals of the time.
Malthus' theory was an important influence on both Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in their development of the theory of natural selection.
- 1804-03-13 Economist Thomas Robert Malthus (38) weds Harriet Eckersall in Bath, Somerset
- 1798-06-07 Thomas Malthus publishes the first edition of his influential 'Essay on the Principle of Population' (date of the unsigned preface)