Full Name: Joaquim José da Silva Xavier
Profession: Brazilian Revolutionary
Why Famous: Tiradentes was one of the foremost Brazilian revolutionaries who advocated full independence from the Portuguese colonial empire. He was a leading member of Inconfidencia Mineiria. Tiradentes had experience working in minerals, as he had worked as a miner, and came to see the enormous amounts of gold as an exploitative process to which Brazilians were subject to.
Tiradentes and his colleagues envisaged a Brazilian republic and proposed a new flag and motto. The plan was to take the streets of Vila Rica (present-day Oura Preto) and declare a republic on the day that taxes were due to Portugal. One of Tiradentes' co-conspirators ended up betraying the plan in exchange for a tax waiver, and the conspirators were arrested.
After a trial lasting almost three years, and ten of the plotters were sentenced to death, with most later commuted by Queen Maria I of Portugal. Tiradentes' conviction was not commuted as he took full responsibility for the movement. On April 21, 1792, he was hung, drawn and quartered.
- 1792-04-21 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro