On This Day

Victor Emmanuel II

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II

Full Name: Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso
Profession: King of Sardinia and Italy


Why Famous: The first King of a united Italy.

Considered along with Camillo Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II and Giuseppe Mazzini, as one of founding fathers of the Kingdom of Italy.

Born: March 14, 1820
Birthplace: Torino, Italy
Star Sign: Pisces

Died: January 9, 1878 (aged 57)

Married Life

  • 1842-04-12 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (22) weds queen Adelaide of Austria (20) at Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi
  • 1869-10-18 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (49) weds his mistress Rosa Vercellana (36) in Italy

Events in the Life of Victor Emmanuel II

  • 1859-06-24 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcame the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I
  • 1861-02-18 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy
  • 1861-03-17 Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1870-09-20 Capture of Rome by Italian army, Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel which unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States

Famous Kings