Why Famous: He is known as the "Father of Gastric Physiology" following his research on human digestion.
Beaumont conduct a series of digestion experiments 1822-1833 on Alexis St. Martin,, a man though shot in the stomach, survived after treatment by Beaumont. Beaumont compelled him to submit to digestion experiments after St. Martin signed a servant's contract with him.
- 1822-06-06 Alexis St. Martin shot in the stomach and treated by physician William Beaumont on Mackinac Island. Leads Beaumont to conduct digestion experiments through hole in St. Martin's stomach.