On This Day

William III

King of England William III

Full Name: William of Orange
Profession: King of England

Nationality:
Netherlands
Dutch
England
English

Why Famous: William III, otherwise known as William II in Scotland and as “King Billy” in Ireland, was widely known as William of Orange. As a Protestant king, William participated in several wars against the Catholic regime in France under King Louis XIV.

William was seen by many Protestants as a champion of the faith. This is natural seeing, on top of his many holy wars, as he came to power at the head of a Protestant reaction against the coronation of his Catholic uncle, James, as king of England. His ride to power came to be known as the Glorious Revolution of 1688.

Early in his reign, from 1688 to 1697, William was involved in the Nine Years' War against the French and left his wife, Mary, in charge of the kingdom. Mary fell ill and died in 1694, leaving William as sole ruler until his death in 1702.

Born: November 14, 1650
Birthplace: The Hague, Dutch Republic
Star Sign: Scorpio

Died: March 8, 1702 (aged 51)
Cause of Death: Pneumonia

Historical Events

  • 1668-02-07 Dutch Prince William III dances in premiere of "Ballet of Peace"
  • 1672-07-08 William III is appointed stadholder by the States General in the Netherlands
  • 1672-07-09 William III inaugurated as viceroy of Holland and Zealand
  • 1675-03-02 Prince William III installed as governor of Overijssel
  • 1677-04-11 Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III
  • 1688-06-30 Whig Lords questions Prince William III of Orange on Protestantism
  • 1688-11-24 General strategist John Churchill meets William III
  • 1689-01-22 Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II)
  • 1689-02-14 English parliament places Mary Stuart and Prince William III on the throne
  • 1689-02-23 Dutch Prince William III proclaimed King of England
  • 1689-03-14 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
  • 1689-04-11 King William III and Queen Mary II crowned as joint rulers of England, Scotland and Ireland
  • 1689-04-21 William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen of England
  • 1689-05-09 English King William III declares war on France
  • 1690-06-11 English king William III departs to Ireland
  • 1690-06-24 King William III's army lands at Carrickfergus Ireland [OS=June 14]
  • 1690-07-01 Army of Protestant King William III defeats deposed Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland
  • 1690-07-11 Battle of Drogheda Boyne (William III beats deposed James II)
  • 1690-07-12 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II
  • 1691-01-18 English King William III travels to The Hague
  • 1691-07-12 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II
  • 1692-07-24 French defeat William III of England at Steinkirk (Enghein)
  • 1695-05-12 English King William III departs to Netherlands
  • 1695-09-01 French garrison of castle Namur surrenders to the army of the Grand Alliance under the command of King William III of England
  • 1696-03-07 English King William III departs Netherlands
  • 1697-05-24 English King William III travels through northern Europe
  • 1702-03-08 James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland following the death of William III

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