Profession: British Prime Minister
Why Famous: The second son of Prime Minister William Pitt the Elder, William Pitt the Younger is the youngest ever British Minister, aged just 24, when he was appointed by King George III.
Pitt's tenures as Prime Minister, he served 3 terms between 1783-1806, were dominated by the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars.
In order to pay for these conflicts he re-organised British finances and tax laws. In 1801 he was the force behind the Acts of Union, which united Great Britain and Ireland.
Pitt died young at 46, worn out by gout and ill health
- 1783-12-19 William Pitt the Younger becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister at age 24
- 1799-01-09 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon
- 1801-03-14 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation
- 1804-05-10 British Prime Minister Henry Addington resigns, replaced by William Pitt the Younger